Investigate the spread of antibiotic-resistant bacteria through wastewater.
1) To study qualitatively and quantitatively the presence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, antibiotic resistance genes and antibiotic residues in the environment, for example through wastewater from hospitals, municipal wastewater or wastewater from animal farms.
2) To characterise the transmission risk from the environment, from agriculture or animal feed back to humans, in contact with contaminated water or food (microbial dissemination).
3) To trace antibiotic-resistant pathogens and resistance genes in wastewater to their place of origin (Microbial source tracking).
4) Innovative technical processes of wastewater treatment at sewage treatment plants should interrupt the distribution paths of these pathogens.
5) To provide recommendations for action, which are intended to create official regulations adapted for the identified risk areas.
HCWH Europe gratefully acknowledges the financial support of the European Commission (EC)’s LIFE+ programme, the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, and Nuclear Safety (BMU) Germany, and the German Environment Agency (UBA). HCWH Europe is solely responsible for the content of this project and related materials. The views expressed do not reflect the official views of the EC, BMU, or UBA.