Pharmaceuticals in the environment
Pharmaceuticals can enter the environment at all stages in their life cycle. When present in the environment, their active substances can have unintended effects on ecosystems. In the case of antimicrobials, they can also be a driver for the development of antimicrobial resistance in the environment.
The impact of pharmaceutical manufacturing pollution
Pharmaceutical pollution can occur during the manufacturing process. European companies that market medicines often produce their active substances outside Europe, therefore outsourcing the problem. They should implement higher manufacturing standards to ensure zero discharge from production.